Johns Hopkins University is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. Johns Hopkins University is considered the first research university in the United States. Johns Hopkins is organized into 10 divisions on campuses in Maryland and Washington, D.C., with international centers in Italy and China. As of October 2019, 39 Nobel laureates and 1 Fields Medalist have been affiliated with Johns Hopkins.